The endometrium undergoes a series of well-recognised cycles of proliferation, differentiation and tissue breakdown on a monthly basis, in response to exposure to the circulating sex steroids oestrogen and progesterone.
Current international literature suggests a high prevalence of sexual dysfunction in female patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and the present study was undertaken to assess the association between sexual dysfunction and marital dissatisfaction in a group of married Iranian women with OCD.
Breast pain, also known as mastalgia and mastodynia, is the commonest reason for consultation about breast problems in both UK primary care and breast units. Most women can be managed by their GPs with reassurance, advice and first-line treatments, but it is essential to identify women who need referral, especially the small minority presenting with pain as a symptom of breast cancer.
Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is extremely common, affecting 70-75% of women at least once in their lives. Recurrent VVC, defined as four or more proven episodes in 12 months, affects 5-8% of these women and can cause a significant amount of discomfort and distress. Some women are referred to tertiary centres but, with good evidencebased treatment, many women could be managed in primary care.